History of Bergen
The city was founded in 1070 on the Bank of the river Vaughan Bay by king Olaf III called Bjørgvin. Via several decades ago, a stone bridge was erected on the Northern edge of the Bay Bergenhus castle. In the 12th-13th centuries, the Norwegian kings lived in Bergen and bishops. From 1217 to 1299, Bergen was the capital of medieval Norway. With with the weakening of the Norwegian monarchy in the fourteenth century, power in Bergen was transferred to the the hands of Hanseatic merchants who ruled in Bergen in fact it lasted until the 18th century.
Despite the devastating fires of 1702 and 1916, Bergen for almost all of its history it remained the most important port on the West coast of Norway, while remaining the most important port in Norway. the largest city in the country to 30 years of the 19th century. Today Bergen — a major port, the center of the oil industry.